No Matter What They Say, Philosophy IS the Foundation of Science!

“…The following truths about reality are not made of or completely explained by molecules, yet they comprise the foundation of science:

  • Truth exists and can be known.
  • The laws of nature are orderly and consistent.
  • Effects have causes (law of causality).
  • Causes in the past were like those in the present (principle of uniformity).
  • Our senses are giving us accurate information about the real world (realism).
  • The immaterial laws of logic and mathematics apply to the material world.
  • We have free will to make choices and to follow the evidence where it leads.
  • We can make rational inferences from the data to establish true premises and draw valid conclusions.
  • We should report our results accurately (objective moral values exist).

Scientists rely on these truths at all stages of the scientific process: before, during, and after gathering data or doing an experiment.

Before doing science: Scientists frame their own philosophical rules for doing science. For example, should scientists be open to only natural causes, or are intelligent causes possible? How about supernatural causes? Those questions can’t be answered by science; they are answered by scientists doing philosophy.

While doing science: Scientists rely on the orderly laws of nature, the law of causality, and the theory of knowledge known as realism when conducting an experiment or historical investigation.

After doing science: Scientists must decide what is good evidence. What counts as evidence is not evidence itself—a philosophical value judgment must be made. Scientists must then interpret the evidence they’ve judged to be good by relying on all the immaterial realities listed above to draw a free and rational conclusion. They must also be honest throughout the entire process.”

–– Frank Turek, “Stealing From God: Why Atheists Need God to Make Their Case

Justin Popovich: “In truth there is only one freedom”

Harlemite:

This one should be shouted from the highest pillar available.

Glory to God for such wisdom.

Originally posted on Dover Beach:

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“In truth there is only one freedom – the holy freedom of Christ, whereby He freed us from sin, from evil, from the devil. It binds us to God. All other freedoms are illusory, false, that is to say, they are all, in fact, slavery.”

– Saint Justin Popovich

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Philaret of Moscow: “Some people by the word freedom understand the ability to do whatever one wants …”

Harlemite:

This fits our times so very, very well.

Glory to God that such wisdom has been passed on to us by His saints.

Originally posted on Dover Beach:

Philaret of Moscow

“Some people by the word freedom understand the ability to do whatever one wants … People who have the more allowed themselves to come into slavery to sins, passions, and defilements more often than others appear as zealots of external freedom, wanting to broaden the laws as much as possible. But such a man uses external freedom only to more severely burden himself with inner slavery. True freedom is the active ability of a man who is not enslaved to sin, who is not pricked by a condemning conscience, to choose the better in the light of God’s truth, and to bring it into actuality with the help of the gracious power of God. This is the freedom of which neither heaven nor earth are restrict.”

– Saint Philaret of Moscow, in his sermon given on the birthday of Emperor Nicholas I in 1851

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Sebastian Dabovich: “Do not think that a man is a real scholar of the Bible because he can quote by memory ever so many passages”

Harlemite:

Amen!

Originally posted on Dover Beach:

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“Beware of self-delusion! Beware of the deceptions of the enemy! Do not think that a man is a real scholar of the Bible because he can quote by memory ever so many passages. Did not the first one who fell from the most elevated condition into the lowest hell, did not Satan know the Word of God? Yea, before it was written into a book by human hand. Look and see how the Devil quotes from the Bible when he tempted the Lord in the wilderness, and said: ‘He shall give His angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.’ [Psalm 90:11-12 LXX] The Devil withheld the words that follow immediately after these, which read: “Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder; the young lion and the dragon shalt thou…

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Thomas Jefferson: “To consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions … is a very dangerous doctrine indeed”

Harlemite:

Worth pondering especially on this day.

Originally posted on Dover Beach:

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“To consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions … [is] a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy. Our judges are as honest as other men, and not more so . . . and their power [is] the more dangerous, as they are in office for life and not responsible, as the other functionaries are, to the elective control. The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal, knowing that to whatever hands confided, with corruptions of time and party, its members would become despots”

– President Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to William Jarvis, Sept. 28, 1820

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Sebastian Dabovitch: “Christ can never be indifferent …to whether his friends and acquaintances continue in error.”

Originally posted on Dover Beach:

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“If you think what a man believes is “all the same” provided he is convinced that it is the truth you are mistaken! Why did God send His Only Begotten Son, Jesus Christ, into the world if mankind could be saved without Him? Christ commanded the Apostles and their successors to convert the world to Christianity but not to that vague type of Christianity which we find in the numerous denominations which call themselves Christian but are indifferent to His One Church; the “pillar and ground of the truth” against which gates of hell can never prevail! He who believes in these words of Christ can never be indifferent to which Church he belongs nor can he be indifferent to whether his friends and acquaintances continue in error.”

– Saint Sebastian (Dabovitch) of America

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